THE SEED’S PRODUCTION
On the soil
The straw cereal seed marketed by Agroservice are produced on 8.500 hectares of soil of which 80% in Le Marche, a region with a marked vocation for the seeds’ production. The agricultural companies involved rigorously follow the following directions foreseen by the cultivation contract:
- Cultivate only one variety for each species.
- Respect the minimum distances set forth by Ense, in comparison to other varieties.
- Use the seed supplied by Agroservice, dressed according to the species by means of C3, C4, or C5.
- Follow the cultivation through a suitable agronomic technique with the task of producing a healthy, sturdy seed suited for the reproduction. Then perform the rotation, the working, the weed interventions, fungicides and the manuring according to our technicians’ directions.
- Perform the harvesting operations with a dampness lower than 13% and guarantee the maximum cleanliness of the machines for the harvesting and the means of transport in order to avoid any risk of pollution.
In addition, the cultivations are the object of on-field inspections by Ense and Agroservice’s technicians in order to evaluate their suitability for their destination as seeds. This procedure’s goal is the one of having the availability of a highly germinative seed, an excellent sturdiness and a high specific and varietal purity, in other words, Agroservice requires a "quality seed". Agroservice’s initiatives for the production of a "Quality seed" In order to increase more and more the seed’s qualitative standard to be marketed to traders, agricultural consortiums and cooperatives, Agroservice undertakes some initiatives towards the agricultural producers and Third Parties reproducing the seed; and the initiatives are aimed at durum wheat as this species has represented 55-60% of the whole seeds’ activity by Agroservice. This project called “Quality seed”, foresees the singling out of the three best Agricultural Producers and the related threshers according to the delivered seeds’ analysis. 1998. During the first years, at the beginning “Quality seed” resulted as an incentive given to the companies reproducing seeds on a contract’s base on our behalf, to the use and good use of fungicides. All that as we realised that the agronomic practice of phitosanitary defence of durum wheat was not perceived by agricultural companies in its whole importance and was therefore either neglected or just considered as an accessory intervention. Through our initiative we have managed in increasing the durum wheat seed surface protected against fungi diseases remarkably: it currently varies from 70 to 85% of cultivations treated twice, at the end of winter and at the earing (oscillation depending on the different agro-meteorological trends along the years; in addition one has to take into account that different areas of Le Marche region, the main reproductive basin for Agroservice, are naturally unfavourable to the pathogen fungi’s attacks). 2001. The initiative called “Quality seed” changed its shape turning into a public award, when Agroservice held its technical meetings in February for “its” seeds’ reproducers, awarding the agricultural producers and threshers producing the best lots of durum wheat for seed by related “Award plates”. The award is given both to agricultural producers and threshers as only through a good work of both professional figures one can reach excellent results: the producer must comply with the spatial “isolations” from other cultivations, must carry out the different agronomic techniques both correctly and professionally, must produce healthy seeds, while the thresher must avoid to “pollute” the seed with other species, must avoid to break the seed, must reduce impurities to the minimum, must harvest at the right dampness. 2006. The initiative called “Quality seed” foresees in addition to the “Award Plate” also an award trip enabling year after year the agricultural producers and the threshers cooperating with Agroservice, to visit and “experiment” agricultural realities of other countries in order to widen one’s knowledge and cultural horizons
"QUALITY AWARD WINNERS’ ALBUM '"
|Maccaroni Franco e C.||X||San Carlo|
|2002||Ragonio e Cingolani||X||Giemme|
|Salvucci Andrea e Michele||X||San Carlo|
|Ceccaroni C.V. Giancarlo||X||San Carlo|
|2003||Bonifazi Alberto & C.||Maccaroni F.||Giemme|
|Lucangeli Maria Chiara||Cingolani A.||San Carlo|
|2004||Cocchini Fabio||Maccaroni M.||Sorriso|
|Ranaldi Claudio Eredi||Pirani M.||Ghibli|
|Monaco Marco e C.||X||Giemme|
|Luzi Giovanna Francesca||Governatori||Ghibli|
|Salvucci Michele e C.||X||Varano|
|Petrini Mauro e Luciano||X||Rusticano|
|Salvucci Michele e C.||X||Giemme|
|Ragonio e C.||X||San Carlo|
|2007||Delegazione Pontificia di Loreto||Bugiolacchi Guido e Figli||Dorato|
|AM4 dei F.lli Monaco||F.lli Monaco||Rusticano|
|Degli Azzoni A.Carradori||Ragonio e Cingolani||San Carlo|
|2008||Az. Agr. Bracci Roberto||Valenti Franco||Achille|
|Az. Troticoltura Rossi Niccola||Salvucci Michele e C.||Dorato|
|AM4 dei F.lli Monaco||F.lli Monaco||San Carlo|
In the plant
The seed, before being accepted, undergoes a strict check procedure made by qualified lab personnel by Agroservice.
- Sample collection through a mechanic probe.
- Check of the electrolytic weight, of the dampness and the presence of polluting seeds.
- Product’s reception only if it is within the quality limits imposed.
- Determination of the product’s destination, reception hole and silos printing an identification document of the product on bar code.
- Download. The assigned operator activates the conveyor belts of the assigned hole through bar code reading.
The taken procedure has the goal of just guaranteeing the withdrawal of a suitable product for the seeding activity avoiding possible risks of pollution among varieties.
|SCANNER||ONE OF THE 10 HOLES OF 450 Q.LI SLAVE ONLY ONE SILO OF 20.000 Q.LI|
THE SEED'S SELECTION
Line n. 1: Seed’s working process.
Agroservice has a selection line used for cereals available. It has a productive capacity equal to 220 hundred kilograms per hour, completely automated.
The seed, through a conveyor and elevating/lifting belts system, is collected from the tank silo and taken to another tank acting as a lung, to adjust and keep constant the feeding flux to the selection plant.
The first machine called “awn cutter” takes the ears of corns off the barley seeds and “shells” the possible ear residuals from the cereals or leguminous’ pods. After this step the treated seed goes through an elevator and it is moved to the aspirator.
The aspirator separates the light bodies through two different aspiration systems placed in different parts of the machine and by sieving, it separates the small, skimpy and broken (seeds) bodies.
By means of bucket elevators the product is moved to the couple of indented cylinders for the separation of big and broken bodies.
The last selection phase is obtained through a machine enabling the selection according to a specific weight. The machines are either the gravimetric or the densimetric ones; the latter, differently from the first machine, is helped in the separation by an air blow under the sieve.
In the different selection phases previously described, the scraps are separated between light scraps (chaffs, straws) and heavy scraps (broken, small, skimpy seeds). The dusts and the light scraps are conveyed through aspiration pipes , screws and conveyors in a small deposit while the heavy scraps in a silo.
The selected product is moved to a silo from where it is sent either to the bagging or to the dressing machine. The product that must undergo the dressing treatment will go through the dressing machine through an elevator it will go to the bagging.
Bought in 2004, this dressing machine is nowadays the most professional and evolved means on the market for performing a precision dressing.
|BAG FILLING MACHINE
The plastic bag, microholed, anti- sliding is the guarantee that the contained seed has a dampness and, in short, a more-than-perfect overall quality. The plastic protects the seed from dampness damages both during the storage and in the field, waiting for the sowing. In any case the classic bagger for paper bags is available as an alternative.
|BIG BAG PALLETTIZER
Agroservice has an automatic palleting system for big bags, each pallet carries 3 big bags of kg. 600 each.
Line n. 2.
PAC reform has contributed to increase the interest towards the least diffused cultivations in particular, towards those of renovation like chickpea, broadbean, proteic pea, lupine, sunflower, soy.
The characteristics of those species’ seeds require the use of plants excluding either seeds’ damages or breakings.
This is the only way possible to obtain excellent terminability features and high vigour for these seeds.
The plant planned and built by CIMBRIA HEID ITALIA, a leading company in the sector, guarantees excellent results.
|NEW SELECTION PLANT||SPIRAL(detail)|